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A physical component of a facility which has value,enables services to be provided and has an economic life of greater than 12 months. Dynamic assets have some moving parts, while passive assets have none. IIMM
An asset is an object (physical or intangible) that has an identifiable value and a useful life greater than 12 months, that is or could be used by the entity responsible for it to provide a service. LGAM
Asset - An item with an independent physical and functional identity and age, within a facility (e.g. pump, motor, sedimentation tank, main). Asset - Service potential or future economic benefits controlled by entity as a result of past transactions or other past events. DERM
The defined service quality for a particular activity (i.e. roading) or service area (i.e. streetlighting) against which service performance may be measured. Service levels usually relate to quality, quantity, reliability, responsiveness, environmental acceptability and cost. IIMM
The wearing out, consumption or other loss of value of an asset whether arising from use, passing of time or obsolescence through technological and market changes. It is accounted for by the allocation of the cost (or revalued amount) of the asset less its residual value over its useful life. IIMM
Depreciation is the reduction in the value of an asset due to usage, passage of time, environmental factors, wear and tear, obsolescence, depletion or inadequacy. LGAM
The consumption of infrastructure and other assets is reported in financial statements as depreciation. Depreciation is the systematic allocation of the depreciable amount of an asset over its useful life. The depreciation method used is to reflect the pattern in which the asset's future economic benefits are to be consumed by the entity. There are at least 4 measures of asset consumption, each of which can be related to a method of depreciation:
- when consumption is constant over the useful life of the asset - straight line method,
- when consumption is greater in the early years and less in the later years - declining balance method,
- when consumption increases as the asset approaches the end of its useful life - output/service basis method,
- when consumption varies with outputs/service - units of production method.
An organisation such as a Local Council that is responsible for the management of infrastructure assets in a defined local area.
A risk is the probability of a failure of an asset as a result of the occurrence of a hazard. There may be a resulting cost associated with the risk.
A system supplying a public need such as transport, communications, or utilities such as electricity and water.
An organisation responsible for providing a service.
The defined service quality for a particular activity (i.e. roading) or service area (i.e. streetlighting) against which service performance may be measured. Service levels usually relate to quality, quantity, reliability, responsiveness, environmental acceptability and cost.